After the baptism of Rus, the main text of medieval Russian culture was the Holy Scripture in the Church Slavonic language. Without it there was no Christian worship, but it was also read and interpreted. These areas of application of biblical texts led to the emergence of special collections – liturgical, readable and explanatory, but there was now a complete biblical volume in the Old Russian lands until the end of the XV century. The biblical text was used mainly in fragments, in its fullest form – as separate books, but never as a corpus of books. But in addition to its main application, the texts of the Old and New Testaments functioned in historical genres. The history of translations of the Bible into Russian is about two centuries old and continues today.